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The Rocky Mountain Film and Video Expo Set for October 2003

Random Radio Thoughts

SBE's Short Circuits

FCC Rulemakings

New Web Services

Clay's Corner

New Tower In Town

Amateur Radio News

Regain Your Job

The "Time Lady" Passes

The YXZ Report

FCC'S Wireless Chief Left Dangling During Colorado Visit




September, 2003

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The Rocky Mountain Film and Video Expo Set for October 2003

WHAT: The annual Rocky Mountain Film and Video EXPO.

The Rocky Mountain Film/Video EXPO celebrates its 18th year in 2003, and has evolved into the most highly recognized regional trade show in the country for film, video and electronic media.

WHEN: Wednesday and Thursday, October 1 & 2 2003
Show Hours:
Wednesday, Oct 1 10:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.
Thursday Oct. 2 9:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

John Q Hammons Convention Center
Holiday Inn at Denver International Airport
15500 E. 40th Street
Denver, CO 80239

SPECIAL EVENTS: The Digital Cinematography Center, includes equipment exhibits, technical presentations and tools and solutions to real-world problems when shooting, editing, preparing and exhibiting with digital technology.

The Presentation Demo Center offers practical information and guidance to presenters and trainers about LCD and plasma displays, control systems, sound masking, audio and video presentation systems, projectors and acoustics.

SPONSORS: Film/Video Equipment Service Co., Inc.
CEAVCO Audio/ Visual Company, Inc.
Burst Communications, Inc.
American Cinematography Magazine, Associate Sponsor

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Random Radio Thoughts

Cris Alexander, CSRE
Crawford Broadcasting Company

Since so little news has been coming my way from the local Denver radio community, I surmise that things are really slow right now and nothing is happening... or maybe everyone is too busy to stop and offer a report on what is happening. Either way, I think most of us are glad the dog days of the summer of 2003 are behind us.

Many of us have no doubt been adversely affected by the freeze the FCC put on Form 301, 314 and 315 applications on June 2. Anyone who has been awaiting grant of a CP knows well that the FCC's application mill ground to a halt on that date and hasn't budged since. The reason for the freeze was the new ownership limits and market definition methodology. A change in contour locations could, in some cases, affect the total number of stations in a market and/or the number of stations owned by a single entity in a market, possibly exceeding the new limits. Rather than create new "grandfathered" situations, the FCC put a hold on everything.

On August 14, thankfully, the FCC announced an end to the freeze. Applications can once again be filed, and presumably the application mill will start up again. One caveat, however: any applications filed prior to the freeze and still pending must be amended in the same manner in which they were filed to demonstrate compliance with the new rules. If an application was electronically filed, the amendment must be electronically filed. If you don't file the amendment, at some point in the future you will undoubtedly receive a "30-day" letter from the FCC staff requesting the amendment, but when that happens, your app goes to the bottom of the stack. It might be better to be proactive and file the amendment before it is requested. I recommend that you consult your communications counsel and get his advice on your specific situation.

We are hearing rumors of another AM major change window opening in the near future. It has been 3-1/2 years since the last window. There are no doubt a lot of AM licensees who would like to make site moves and frequency changes, taking advantage of "holes" in the AM allocation landscape where stations have left the air. Art Sutton of Georgia-Carolina Radiocasting urges other broadcasters to join him in writing the FCC to request a new window. The FCC has already expressed a willingness to open a new window if enough licensees make the request.

There has, as far as I can tell, been little progress by the FCC in fixing the errors and omissions in its Broadcast Auxiliary Service (BAS) database. Back in May, I sent the FCC all the missing information for all Crawford's inaccurate BAS records in accordance with the FCC's instructions, but none of those changes have made their way into the database so far. The clock is ticking, and the October 16 deadline looms. It's going to be pretty difficult to perform the required PCN coordinations on fixed BAS stations without a reasonably accurate database.

Last month's east coast power blackout was a wake-up call for a lot of radio engineers. As during the 9/11 crisis, radio engineers demonstrated a lot of creativity and ingenuity in keeping their stations on the air. Although we in Colorado weren't directly affected by the blackout, perhaps we should take a lesson from it just the same.

Generator maintenance, replenishment of fuel supplies and replacement of aging UPS batteries should be moved a little higher on the priority list. Contingency plans should be in place for not only power outages but also loss of telco central office power (that runs all the slicks, repeaters and muxes for out T1 and ISDN lines). Colorado is in pretty good shape with its power distribution grid, but most of us can remember times when heavy, wet snowstorms have knocked power out in large areas for sometimes days at a time. We may not have the power vulnerabilities of the population-dense northeast, but we have our own vulnerabilities just the same.

On the HD Radio front, there has been a significant development. Last month, iBiquity introduced "HDC", a revised codec for the HD Radio system. According to iBiquity, HDC greatly enhances the performance of the HD Radio system, providing superior audio quality, especially at lower bit rates like those found with digital AM. HDC features Coding Technologies' Spectral Band Replication (SBR) to enable high audio quality at extremely low bit-rates. This new development is in response to an industry rejection of the Perceptual Audio Codec (PAC) at low bit rates (as in the AM system). I look forward to listening to the HDC demo at the NAB Radio Show in Philly in October. Crawford (and probably a lot of other radio groups) has tabled its plans for AM HD implementation until the codec issues have been resolved to our satisfaction.

Our first FM HD station has been on the air in Chicago since early July. We have learned a lot from this experience, as have Broadcast Electronics, Cutting Edge and iBiquity. Perhaps the biggest lesson learned by all is that the transmitter/exciter manufacturer must provide an AES bypass in the event of an exciter/HD generator failure. We found early on that when we turned the exciter or HD generator off (or it failed, as it did shortly after the HD station went on the air - BE has since replaced the failed unit), the AES feed to the FM processor would go away, taking the analog audio off the air. Not good. BE quickly engineered a bypass that has worked out very well.

We have also found as we experimented with processor location that where the processor is located in the chain makes a big difference in sound quality. BE recommends that HD broadcasters employ two separate exciters - one each for FM and HD. Cutting Edge says it can be done with one, and its Omnia6.HD is made specifically for this purpose with two separate processing paths and outputs for FM and HD (but just one input). Using this scheme, the processor must go ahead of the exciter and HD generator, but in that location, the lows are attenuated and the highs boosted. More on this as we learn more. Some of the best minds in the industry, including Frank Foti of Cutting Edge, Richard Hinkle of BE and Jeff Detweiler of iBiquity, are on the problem.

Finally, shortly after signing on the HD station, we began receiving interference complaints from "rim-shot" adjacencies. Our own emissions are well within the FCC "mask" specified in 73.317, but emissions 80 dB down at 600+ kHz still represent several hundred microwatts being radiated from a tall tower. Crawford is, of course, cooperating with the adjacencies to mitigate the interference.

Remember that the application deadline for the November 12-22 round of certification exams is September 24. This is the last opportunity for certification in 2004.

One more thing for your calendar for September 24 - that is the deadline for paying 2003 annual regulatory fees. Those of you who are responsible for stations in other big markets should note that a new category has been opened for stations with population greater than 3 million in their service areas. That won't affect any Colorado stations, but if you are responsible for stations in New York, Los Angeles, Chicago or other top markets, last year's classifications may not work.

If you have news you would like to share with the Denver radio community, email me at

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SBE's Short Circuits

A Monthly Update from the Society of Broadcast Engineers


The Society of Broadcast Engineers has announced the 2002 winners of its annual awards program and will present them during the National Awards Dinner, held during the SBE National Meeting on Wednesday, Oct. 15, 2003, in Madison, Wis. A more detailed article appears in the August issue of the SBE Signal.

  • Broadcast Engineer of the Year - Douglas W. Garlinger, CPBE, CBNT, Noblesville, Indiana
  • Educator of the Year -Terrence M. Baun, CPBE, CBNT, Westfield, Indiana
  • Technology Award - Thales Broadcast & Multimedia for its DCX Paragon MSDC-IOT high-power digital transmitter
  • Best Technical Article by an SBE Member - John H. Battison, P.E., CPBE, Loudonville, Ohio; "New Tower Standards" as appeared in Radio magazine
  • Best Regional Convention or Conference - Chapter 22, Central New York - 30th Annual SBE Chapter 22 Convention
  • Best Chapter Newsletter (Class B) - Chapter 24, Madison, Wisconsin
  • Most Interactive Chapter - Chapter 73, HAMnet "Chapter of the Air"
  • Best Chapter Frequency Coordination Effort (Class B) -Chapter 9, Phoenix, Arizona
  • Best Chapter Website - Chapter 53, South Florida
  • Most Certified Chapter (Class A) - Chapter 117, Palouse- Clearwater, Idaho
  • Most Certified Chapter (Class B) - Chapter 118, Montgomery, Alabama
  • Highest Member Attendance at Chapter Meetings (Class A) -Chapter 136, Rio Grande Valley, Texas
  • Highest Member Attendance at Chapter Meetings (Class B) - Chapter 113, Knoxville, Tennessee
  • Greatest Growth in New Members (Class A) - Chapter 133, Buffalo, New York
  • Greatest Growth in New Members (Class B) - Chapter 56, Tulsa, Oklahoma

(Class A: chapters less than median membership. Class B: chapters with greater than the median membership)


SBE has filed comments with the FCC against an STA application submitted by the Safety Cast Corporation. Safety Cast has developed a device to be used in emergency vehicles that would broadcast an alert to vehicles in their path. The device emits a low power signal that interrupts broadcasts of FM and potentially AM radio stations being received in cars (and homes and offices) within approximately 1,000 feet of the on-coming emergency vehicles. A copy of SBE's filing can be found on the SBE web site,


The slate of candidates for the 2003 SBE National election has been finalized. Candidates are running for national officer and director positions. Ballots will be mailed to each voting member by August 8 and must be returned by September 11. The slate of candidates is as follows:

Raymond C. Benedict, CPBE, Washington, DC

Vice President
Samuel E. Garfield, CPBE, Raleigh, NC

Ralph R. Hogan, CPBE, Pullman, WA

Robert "R.J." Russell, CBTE, Yuma, AZ

The Nominations Committee has developed a slate of 11 candidates for the six available board seats. All candidates run on an at-large basis. The six candidates receiving the most votes will be elected. In alphabetical order, the candidates are:

Ralph Beaver, CBT, Tampa, FL
Paul T. Black, CSRE, Pleasant Hill, CA
Dominic L. Bordonaro, CSRE, Stratford, CT
Andrea B. Cummis, CBT, Roseland, NJ
Dane E. Ericksen, P.E., CSRTE, San Francisco, CA
Clay Freinwald, CPBE, Seattle, WA
Jeffrey R. Hugabone, CBRE, CBNT, Chicopee, MA
David Hultsman, CSRE, Birmingham, AL
Mark S. Olkowski, CPBE, New York, NY
Henry B. Ruhwiedel, CPBE, Merrillville, IN
Andrew D. Suk, CPBE, Nampa, ID


In response to recent rulings by the FCC, the Executive Committee of the Society of Broadcast Engineers on June 14, 2003 adopted a policy concerning the frequency coordination of fixed-link BAS facilities. The policy can be found on the SBE web site, All SBE volunteer frequency coordinators are asked to read the new policy, which provides guidelines for them. For more information, contact SBE Frequency Coordination Director, David Otey, CSTE, at

The National Office welcomes Debi Johnson to the staff. Debi is the new Certification Assistant and Receptionist and fills the position vacated by Pam (Hyde) Majors, who left to pursue new career opportunities.

Society of Broadcast Engineers
9247 N. Meridian Street, Suite 305
Indianapolis, IN 46260
Office: (317) 846-9000
Fax: (317) 846-9120

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FCC Rulemakings

Compiled By Tom Smith
Chapter 24


WT Docket No. 03-128
Nationwide Programmatic Agreement Regarding The Section 106 National Historic Preservation Review Process

This notice seeks comment on an agreement signed by the FCC, The National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers, and The Advisory Council on Historic Preservation. The effect on broadcasters and other RF users is that they will have to fill out another application form when siting a tower or making modifications to existing towers. This application requests information on whether the tower will affect historic sites on tribal lands or sites that have religious or cultural significance to native American tribes. The application also asks if notice has been made and comments been gathered from the public, as well as local governments. Applicants must note all historic sites in the affected area, note if they are any listings in the National Register of Historic Places, and describe the site with maps and photos. The application asks for both information on the historic sites and on the tower facility. The application must note all buildings in the area 45 years old and older and photos of such buildings must be included. The agreement considers buildings of that age and older as possible historic sites. This will affect wireless providers greatly as they place many of their antennas on the roofs of buildings, including in such places as church steeples, schools, and downtown rooftops. This notice was adopted on May 27, 2003 and released on June 9, 2003. Comments were due on August 8, 2003 and replies due September 8, 2003.

ET Docket No. 03-137
Proposed Changes in the Commission's Rules Regarding Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields

The FCC is seeking comment on new rules concerning RF exposure. This docket covers both existing high power services including broadcasting, and low power devices that had not been covered in the past. The low power devices include such things as wireless transmitters like those in cell phones and two way pagers, part 15 devices such as WI-Fi transmitters for wireless computer networks, cordless phone and spread spectrum devices including the higher power units used for across town wireless LANs. The rules concerning low power devices ask at what power limits a device is to be excluded from the rules, labeling requirements, and exposure in the workplace. For broadcasters and other higher power users such as cellphone providers, the FCC is proposing that tower height no longer be considered in the determination of dangerous RF exposure areas, but that only radiated power and distance from the antenna be used in determining unsafe exposure areas near antenna sites. This notice was adopted June 12, 2003 and released on June 26, 2003. Comments are due 90 days from publication in the FEDERAL REGISTER with replies due 30 days later.

MB Docket No. 03-15, RM 9832, MM Docket Nos. 99-360, 00-167, 00-168: DA 03-1292 Simulcasting Requirements

In this notice the FCC waived some of its DTV simulcast rules for non-commercial educational stations. The first waiver is for six months and waives the requirement that NCE stations simulcast 50% of their analog programming. This will allow NCE stations to air direct DTV feeds from PBS and other sources on a pass through basis. The second waiver is for WMVS-WMVT in Milwaukee. In this waiver, the FCC will allow the Milwaukee Public TV stations to air both WMVS and WMVT analog simulcasts on WMVS-DT and air separate HDTV programming on WMVT-DT. This notice was published in The FEDERAL REGISTER on July 7, 2003. The action was adopted on April 28, 2003 and released on April 29, 2003.

Auction Reform Act of 2003

This notice does not concern a rulemaking, but instead is a report to Congress concerning spectrum auctions for TV channels 52-69 that will have to be returned to the government after the DTV transition. The report covers such issues as the DTV transition, including must carry, tuner requirements, the rate of DTV transmitters going on the air, and actions to speed up the transition. The FCC discussed the delay in the channel 60-69 auctions and the effect of the speed of the transition on the new public service bands on channels 64-65 and 68-69. The auction of spectrum in the 52-59 band was discussed, including the desires of auction winners to access the spectrum that is currently in use by broadcasters. The broadcasters wish to hold onto the spectrum until there are sufficient DTV sets in use, while the winners wish to start operations as soon as possible of their new services. Allocation of spectrum in these bands for third generation wireless is also covered. The most interesting part of the report is 38 pages of maps in the appendix. There are maps showing the coverage of all of the stations on channels 52-69 and a map for each channel showing both the analog stations and the DTV stations. Most of the stations are located east of the Mississippi River with the densest area on the Eastern Seaboard. West of the Mississippi, most of the states have few if any stations in the channel 52-69 band. While the Eastern Seaboard may have the densest population and the most need for spectrum, other dense areas in the rest of the country may have no problems in accessing most, if not all of the spectrum. The FCC is not asking for comment on this Report.

From FCC Releases (

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New Web Services

By Tom Smith
From Chapter 24

The FCC has introduced three new services on its Website. The first two are upgrades to the Universal Licensing System. The ULS now will allows searches for up to 3000 licenses that can mapped. The maps are not highly detailed, but will give a fair idea of the location of the transmitter. The notice was issued on June 16th and includes an appendix that describes how to use that map search.

The FCC has added a error checking feature to the online application system of the ULS. This allows applicants to correct applications prior to filing them. In the future, applicants will be no longer allowed to edit completed and filed applications. This notice was issued on June 16th and includes information on using the error checking system.

The last service that the FCC has added is a History Of Television. This site gives the history of TV and has links to other websites including museums, libraries, personal collections and other sites pertaining to the history of TV. The web address is

From FCC Release (

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Clay's Corner

Featuring News, Rumors and Views
From Usually Reliable and Irrefutable Sources
September 2003 Issue

By Clay Freinwald

Can you believe that we are half way through summer? Better catch some rays before they are gone for another year.

I had the privilege of being the program at the July meeting of the Portland chapter of SBE (# 124) . In arranging my topic I submitted the usual...EAS, SBE etc.... but they wanted to hear about IBOC or HDR.

Their meeting place is in a tavern called the Buffalo Gap (no bull) just south of downtown Portland along the West side of the river. Nice quiet place, upstairs, with good food, etc. (Something that Chapter 16 might want to consider.) Not sure of the turn-out, but I'd say about 20 or so...pretty good, considering it's summer and a number of folks were up at one of the tower sites dealing with problems.

Was good to see a number of familiar faces... among them was Walt Lowry sporting a Harris shirt with an international - NO - symbol over it... he explained that he is no longer employed by Harris. James Boyd was there looking remarkably thinner and better... he explained that after several years of not going to his doctor for a checkup he decided to go... just to discover that he had prostrate cancer... apparently they got it all, thankfully. After an hour, plus, of HDR with related Q and A I had a chance to visit with Tom Easton who I went to school with in Portland many years ago. Tom was my best buddy with whom I spent many hours experimenting with electronics (we are talking mid 50s here) Tom never got his Ham ticket, nor did he get into Broadcasting. This apparently was a good move cause he still has a FULL head of hair!

Then it was up to the Stonehinge tower to see what 'fried'. Shively had one of their crack engineers there to resolve the issues. Looks like the giant spiral FM master antenna collected a 'sky-bolt' that found its way into the first combiner module in the collection (KGON) where it promoted a bunch of fire and brimstone activity. Luckily Entercom had another complete Shively module in town awaiting installation at another site. They trucked the stuff to this site where the Shively rep was busy putting it all in order. During this time KGON was operating on their standby antenna. If you have not seen this site, it's quite a treat. There are seven stations there, all combined into the master antenna (similar to the one Ratelco has on Cougar) and one new station that is operating via a single bay antenna at the very top of the tower.

In other news -

The ARRL is making a full court press to get the FCC to consider the negative aspects of a proposal to use power line wiring for high-speed digital signals. The ARRL is very concerned that this will clobber HF communications. If you have experienced power line interference... you can just imagine.

ABC has joined CBS and FOX and has left NAB ( lots of alphabet stuff there ). The reason: NAB's support of the 35% network audience cap... CBS/Infinity left NAB in 2001... Fox left in 2000. Of the biggie networks, this leaves ABC which left NAB back in the 90s, then the objection was something to do with Cable... they came back.

Stopped by my local discount store the other day to pick up a few things. As usual I browse through the electronics department to see what's new. Wow! Have you looked at 'Boom-boxes' lately? Seems that the makers of the portable stereos are on a campaign to see just how radical they can make them look. Some have lots of brightly colored blinking lights, graphic displays of audio frequencies etc. One maker has taken a page from an old 'play-book' and features a little small, round, VU meter on the front whose needle bounces with the tunes. Over in the TV section an array of 4x3 and 16x9 sets are on display... a couple of sets did catch my eye... both are LCD TV sets, one a 14-inch for about 500 bucks and the other a bit larger for about a Grand. These sets look very much like laptop displays except they have speakers and a tuner built in and are only about two inches thick. Unfortunately they are only 4x3.

If you have been following the FCC's list of FM applications recently you will note that a flood of applications has been turned in for facilities all over this area... and all over the FM Band. If you thought that there were a lot of FM signals in this area... you just wait. But then again, HD Radio will prevent a number of these from being heard in the Metro.

Could it be that FINALLY - RBDS is going to get off the ground? It seems a bit funny as we are just about to roll out IBOC or HDR that this system, which has been around for a long time, is recently gaining ground. Entercom recently did a nationwide roll-out of the system using the services of long-time Seattle Engineer, Allen Hartle. (Check out his site: Entercom's Seattle cluster is now transmitting data to those that own RBDS-enabled car radios displaying song title and artist. Several stations in the area have been running more basic systems for some time. According to a Dave Ross feature I heard the other day (talking about the Motorola Symphony system) over 60% of radio listeners recently surveyed indicated that they wanted to see this information on their radios. Now that all these stations are doing this... who can see it? (I am thinking DTV here.) The ONLY people that I know that have an RDS car radio are Marty Hadfield and Allen Hartle. And...according to Allen... not all radios display the information in the same way. A 'Field of Dreams'...?? Time will tell.

Ever wonder what happened to TV Channel 1? Check out this site - Quite an interesting story... great trivia question for those of you that are trying to get one up on someone.

Did ya hear about the Nevada Highway Patrol? Their fancy new 14 Megabuck communications system has been up and running for several years... despite the fact that no one apparently bothered to get an FCC license for it! Talk about an oops... they oughta get an award for this one. But hey, they are used to gambling in that state.

A bit of a departure from my normal column.... A tower site that I have been involved with, to some degree or another since 1969, is changing hands and will no longer be owned by a broadcaster. Here are the highpoints in the history of Indian Hill.

The site was just trees when I hiked to the top back in 1969 to light off a bright orange smoke-flare so that aerial pictures could be taken for an AM application for KMO (back then you had to submit to the FCC pictures of your new site clearly showing its locations relative to the city of license). The first tower, a 200-footer, was erected and the 1360 AM went on the air. A while later the owners of KTAC in Tacoma located their then 103.9 FM station on top of the tower running all of 950 watts ERP. This attracted the attention of other Tacoma FM stations as that little peanut-whistle out talked them! ( By the way that company was Entercom.)

It was soon determined that the east coast engineer that did the application placed way too much faith in M-3 ( the FCC conductivity map)... at that point I did what I could to improve things a bit by constructing a resonant unipole system; this helped quite a bit. In the early 70s the owners had found a new consulting engineer (this time from the midwest) and soon a new tower was underway, just a couple of feet away. In 1974 the present 450 footer was erected, KBRD moved to the new tower and measurements were made to determine the impact on coverage of the AM. The day signal was better... however, due to the new taller tower the station was forced to cut back power at night to something like 2700 watts... and at night there were serious problems produced by the tall structure with very close in fading. (perhaps the tower was electrically too tall?). As time went by more and more antennas sprouted from the tower: paging, 2-way radio, etc. In about 1980 - 106.1-FM moved to the site running 25 kW.

In 1982, in response to an FCC rule change requiring Class Cs to run 100kW, a new building was constructed at the base of the tower soon to be filled with new transmitters for 106.1 and 97.3 (the latter moving there also in 1982). After -finally- getting the ear of KMO's owners I was able to construct an antenna system, on the beach, at Browns Point, ending the AM operations at Indian Hill. Shortly after this KMO sold the tower to the owners of 97.3 (Tribune). In the meantime 103.9 changed frequencies to 103.7 and moved to 3-Sisters Mountain near Buckley. Along the way Bates Voc-Tec also moved their FM station to the site, buying the old 106.1 transmitter. All three FMs (and a ton of other non-broadcast stuff) operated at the site until 1987 when 97.3, under its new owners, Viacom, moved it to its present home at West Tiger Mountain. Interestingly, Viacom purchased the tower but not the land nor buildings; the latter was sold to TCI which became AT&T and more recently Comcast. 106.1 joined 97.3 at West Tiger a year later. For some time the site was used as a standby for the 97.3 and 106.1 stations... finally with the construction of the Entercom facility on Cougar Mt and the ATC facility on Tiger, the 1982 building was devoid of FM transmitters...still operating, using the old KLAY Transmitter, is KBTC (Bates) to this day. With Entercom no longer using the tower for its broadcast station...owning the tower did not make much sense. As I write this, Entercom's ownership of that 450 foot tower on a 500 foot hill between Tacoma and Federal Way is being transferred to a non-broadcast entity.

As I drove out of the place the other day, hauling a trailerload of antennas that had been stored in the 1982 building... I reflected on a lot of memories, for me, working for every owner of those towers for the last almost 34 years... that's a long time in anyone's books... I just wanted to share it with you. Oh yes, the name, Indian Hill. That was what was written across the site on an old 7.5 minute Quad... I guess I could have named it something else... but that seemed to be the thing to do.

I am going to end this event with my usual twist, something to ponder or perhaps chuckle about. These are from a list I have of what I call Wonderments -

  • How can a vacuum cleaner be good if it sucks?
  • Why is the THIRD hand on a clock called a SECOND hand?
  • Ever see a cab stand...well they do have Taxi Stands.
  • Ever see a house fly?
  • Ever see a grid LEAK? (One for the oldsters)
  • Did anyone ever call the fire department to report a Raster Burn?... or perhaps Cue-Burn?
  • How come when the sun goes down they call it 'after dark'... isn't it really after light?
  • Why is 'phonics' not spelled the way it sounds... you know, with an F?
  • Why is a Bra singular and briefs plural?
  • Why do people talk louder into cell phones when they know the call is long distance?
  • Why do they call it a TV set when referring to ONE of them?
  • How come a PARAkeet is just one bird?
  • If we get light from lights why do we not get lamp from lamps?
  • Why is it that when computers crash they don't make any noise and only their users do?
  • If you can barely hear an audio source, could it be that 'softspeakers' are being used?
  • Why are the terms 'wise-man' and 'wise-guy' opposites?
  • Why do we sing 'take me out to the ball game.' when we are already there?

Don't let the sun do too much damage to your brain cells ( huh...Me?). Enjoy the rest of summer... it's been great thus far... just remember that the monsoons are just around the corner. Lord willing... I will see you between the yellow sheets next month.

Clay, K7CR, CPBE

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New Tower In Town

By Vicki W. Kipp

WHIT-FM 93.1 MHz "The Lake" may feature a timeless rock format, but their sign-on was almost eight years in the making. WHIT is the seventh Madison station owned by Mid-West Management, Inc. WHIT-FM has its studio at 2740 Ski Lane in Madison. The new radio station began transmitting test signals and TV show theme songs in mid-July. Deforest, Wisconsin is the city of license for this six kilowatt FM station.

The tower and antenna were designed and constructed by Warmus and Associates from Cleveland, Ohio, in conjunction with Carl E. Smith Consulting Engineers radio engineering firm.

When the FCC approved Mid-West Management, Inc.'s license application in 1996, the station expected to be on the air in 1997 or 1998. Finding an acceptable tower site was the greatest concern. "The time involved in this project is the most significant issue," says Mid-West Management, Inc.'s Director of Engineering John Bauer. The biggest roadblock to finding a workable tower site was that WHIT's city of license, DeForest, limited the possible tower sites to an area that is used for aircraft traffic. v Mid-West Management, Inc. first approached the FAA with possible tower sites, but this effort turned out badly. Luckily, the broadcasters fared much better when they first worked with the Dane County Airport on site selection, and then dealt with the FAA. The Dane County Airport authorities were straight forward in telling Mid-West Management, Inc. which sites would or would not work.

An acceptable tower site was found near the intersection of Bailey Road and Bird Street in Sun Prairie in the center of Christian radio station WNWC 1190 AM's antenna array (Figure 1). Once the Sun Prairie tower site was chosen, there were more matters to be considered. The tower's location within a low-grade wet land meant that environmental issues had to be accommodated.

Figure 1. WHIT-FM tower(right) located adjacent to the WNWC-AM antenna array.

Aside from that, locating an FM tower in the middle of an AM array raised some RF issues. For WNWC's pattern to be acceptable, the WHIT-FM tower was not to have more than one Watt of re-rated energy coming off of it. When the tower construction was complete, an AM Reproof was performed to verify that detuning efforts on the WHIT tower were adequate to restore WNWC's AM coverage pattern to what it was before WHIT's tower went up.

For proper detuning, it is critical to repeat the phase angle and ratio between the two detuning networks. WHIT-FM will soon permanently install an AM antenna monitor to keep skirt detuning in proper order.

When operating at full power, WHIT will transmit 5.5 kW ERP from their Nautel FM-8 solid-state transmitter. The transmitter is housed a Trachte Building.

The guyed PiRod tower measures 317 feet tall, but reaches 320 feet tall with appurtenances. The WHIT tower is striped in maritime white and aviation orange, and is lit with medium strobes during the day and red beacons at night. Guy wire composition was a big deal because the guy wires must not affect the radiation from the AM array surrounding WHIT's tower. The tower is steadied by very light-weight but strong electrically-transparent Phillystran Kevlar guy wires with a copolymer coating. Guy wire insulators are not needed for Phillystran guys because the line is completely isolated. The tower is adorned with multiple detuning skirts (Figure 2) to deal with the AM transmission in close proximity. To meet Dane County tower co-location zoning criteria, the WHIT tower has space reserved in the middle of the tower for two cellular antennas.

Figure 2. WHIT-FM tower, with radomes, reflectors, and STL near the top. Vertical detuning skirts are attached, allowing placement close to the AM array.

The two-bay directional Jampro JMPC-2R antenna bays are covered by radomes. Parasitic reflector elements behind the antennas are in place to protect Milwaukee FM station WJZI. WHIT provides city grade coverage in their city of license, Deforest, and also covers Madison and other high-population areas in Dane, and parts of Rock, Jefferson, and Columbia counties. Welcome to the skyline, WHIT-FM!

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Amateur Radio News

By Tom Weeden, WJ9H
From Chapter 24

"A Pandora's Box of unprecedented proportions," was the declaration from the American Radio Relay League (ARRL) in a 120-page response to the FCC's Notice of Inquiry on Broadband over Power Line (BPL). Citing the potential for interference to and from Amateur Radio, the ARRL has called on the FCC to "take no steps" to permit BPL-a form of power line carrier (PLC) technology. The NOI asking how the FCC should regulate the delivery of broadband services to homes and businesses using electrical wiring to conduct high-speed digital signals attracted some 1900 comments-many from the amateur community-by the July 7 comment deadline.

"ARRL is unwilling to have the Amateur Service gored with the double-edged sword of an incompatible service that will at once 1) cause widespread interference, and 2) preclude any future changes in the amateur HF allocations," the ARRL said. The League said that based on "diligent and exhaustive research," it's concluded that BPL must avoid any and all amateur MF, HF and VHF allocations without exception. "This interference potential, as a matter of both law and fact, disqualifies access BPL as a potential future competitive broadband delivery system."

The National Association of Broadcasters and the Association for Maximum Service Television (MSTV) also came out opposing BPL in their comments to the FCC. They noted that BPL would operate between 1.7 and 80 MHz and "pose serious risk of interference to television channels 2-5, especially the eleven stations currently transmitting a digital broadcast signal on those channels, as well as several stations who are likely to elect lower VHF channels at the end of the digital television transition." ARRL asked the FCC to modify its Part 15 rules to prevent interference to users of the HF and low-VHF spectrum from the start and "to prevent consumers' reliance on BPL as an interference-free broadband delivery system." ARRL comments: <> NAB/MSTV comments: <> o A new channelized allocation for hams at 5 MHz, which opened at midnight local time July 3, marks the first new HF amateur band since the 1980s. US amateurs had been counting down the weeks and days. Five lightly-used government frequencies on the 60-meter band-5332, 5348, 5368, 5373 and 5405 kHz-have become available to US amateur radio operators. Since the amateur allocation is secondary to primary government users, the American Radio Relay League has been advising members to demonstrate their best operating behavior and to use common sense when operating under the new rules.

The only legal mode is upper sideband voice (USB), with a maximum bandwidth of 2.8 kHz (centered within each channel). The FCC has imposed a 50 W effective radiated power (ERP) limit, which its rules-§97.303(s)-define as the transmitter output in peak envelope power (PEP) multiplied by antenna gain relative to a half-wave dipole or the equivalent calculation in decibels. The rules also impose a new record-keeping requirement on amateurs using antennas other than half-wave dipoles or their equivalent. "Licensees using other antennas must maintain in their station records either manufacturer data on the antenna gain or calculations of the antenna gain," the newest addition to the FCC's Amateur Service rules says.

(Excerpts from the ARRL and NAB web sites)

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Regain Your Job-Search Optimism With Three Easy Steps

by Deborah Walker, CCMC
Resume Writer--Career Coach

If you've been in a job search for more than a few months, you already know that one of the greatest challenges is maintaining a positive attitude. Without it, going through the motions can feel as demotivating as running a race in lead boots. You begin to think "What's the use? I've already sent out 50 résumés this week with nothing to show for it."

If you find yourself in an emotional slump, here are three things you can do to regain a positive, optimistic outlook:

1. Write out a job-search action plan including these four areas:

- Search and respond intelligently to online and print job openings. To optimize your results take the time to customize your cover letters to each opportunity.

- Research potential employers to contact proactively in search of not-yet-posted job leads. Make sure your research includes contact names of key executives within the organizations. Again, customize your cover letters to illustrate your interest in their company and/or industry.

- Contact members of your personal network of friends, former colleagues and professional association members to let them know of your search. Continually build your network through new professional associations, job fairs, trade shows and business networking events. Involve yourself with others who will tell you of job leads in the "hidden" job market.

- Invest in an online résumé distribution service that allows you to target your résumé to employers and recruiters most likely interested in your qualifications. You'll see quick results, allowing you to jumpstart your interview activity level.

Once you have your action plan, schedule these activities just as you would if employed on the job. Plan your work and work your plan.

2. Choose an accountability partner and support group. These are essential to keep you motivated and on track with your action plan and schedule. An accountability partner helps you reach your activity goals. A live support group (vs. online chat group) keeps you actively involved with others who understand your situation and can lend emotional support. Caution: avoid negative groups of job seekers who will drag you down by their pessimistic outlook.

3. Allow yourself to enjoy simple pleasures. Spend an evening with a great book. Take a walk on a sunny afternoon. Play football with your son. Meet a friend at a coffee shop for a long chat. Often job seekers think they don't deserve any fun until they've found a job. The truth is there is more time for simple pleasures while unemployed than any other time in life. Once you've put your job-search action plan into practice and you've spent your time wisely in productive activities, reward yourself a little. You deserve it!

Deborah Walker, CCMC
Résumé Writer ~ Career Coach
Visit the job-search article archive at (click on Articles)
Call for FREE résumé critique

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The "Time Lady" Passes


Jane Barbe, (pronounced "Barbie"), better known as "The Voice of America" and "The Most Heard Voice in The World" because of her voiceovers and recordings for phone companies, died Tuesday, July 22 in Roswell, Ga. Jane grew up in Atlanta and was a U. of Georgia drama grad. She was also a featured vocalist with the Buddy Morrow Orchestra for two years, and sang advertising jingles that she and her composer-husband John created and produced.

She started making professional announcements for the Audichron Company in Atlanta, Georgia (acquired by ETC in 1989) in the mid 1960s. Her friendly voice announced the time, temperature and weather, as well as personalized announcements for financial institutions, telephone companies and other time- temperature-weather sponsors. For the 1970s and 1980s recordings of Jane informed telephone callers when a certain number was disconnected or no longer in service. In addition, Jane's voice is heard on the National Bureau of Standard's Time Signal [WWVH] and on many hotel wake-up systems.

In addition to her work in broadcast advertising, Jane appeared on The Mike Douglas Show, I've Got a Secret, CBS News and Real People as the "Time Lady," and served several terms on AFTRA's executive board.

Barbe is survived by her husband, John, a daughter, Susan Stubin of Passaic, N.J.; a son, David, of Athens, Ga.; and seven grandchildren.

See also and

Jane on NPR at (requires RealAudio).

For a sample of her audio, try (requires QuickTime and takes a long time to load, even at DSL speed), or just tune to WWVH Kauai, HI at 2.5, 5, 10, and 15 MHz (see

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The YXZ Report

by Kent Randles K7YXZ CBRE
Co-Chair, Portland/Vancouver ECC

Bang, just like that, no warning. I haven't been laid off in nine years, and back then I had four months notice. With the pool of "full service" radio engineers shrinking, it's like playing musical chairs and ending up without a chair. As I write this it has only been 10 days, so, while not a vacation, not everything is sorted out. So, the phone number above is my home phone.

On the lighter side, searching online for a job finds some interesting things. My favorite so far is Manx Radio on the Isle of Man in the UK at They have a great one-page description of a "full service" radio engineer's job description. As they say: "Manx Radio's Technical Services Department really is a world of variety."

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FCC'S Wireless Chief Left Dangling During Colorado Visit

From the CGC Communicator

Taking a break from a conference, FCC Wireless Telecommunications Bureau Chief John Muleta and Powell advisor Robert Pepper were enjoying a sightseeing ride to the summit of 11,212-foot Aspen Mountain in Aspen, Colorado last Tuesday. Suddenly, the gondola service shut down on their return leg.

The men were left trapped for more than two hours, dangling and buffeted by a storm with lightning overhead. Fortunately, both had cell phones, and cellular service existed at their location. A call to 9-1-1 solved the problem. The gondola operators apparently did not realize that one of their cars was still occupied when the lift was shut down.

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In the book on the Mars/Venus thing, I think they left these out.

1. VULNERABLE (vul-ne-ra-bel) adj.

   A. Female: Fully opening up one's self emotionally to another.

   B. Male: Playing football without an athletic cup.

2. COMMUNICATION (ko-myoo-ni-kay-shon) n.

   A. Female: The open sharing of thoughts and feelings with one's partner.

   B. Male: Leaving a note before taking off for a weekend with the boys.

3. REMOTE CONTROL (ri-moht kon-trohl) n.

   A. Female: A device for changing from one TV channel to another.

   B. Male: A device for scanning through all 175 channels every 5 minutes

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Subject: Height of a Flagpole

A group of blondes in a class at Texas A&M University were given the assignment to measure the height of a flagpole. So they went out to the flagpole with ladders and tape measures, and they fell off the ladders, dropped the tape measures and pencils--the whole thing was just a mess.

An engineering student comes along and sees what they're trying to do.

He walks over, pulls the flagpole out of the ground, lays it flat, measures it from end to end, and then gives the measurement to one of the blondes and walks away.

After the engineer had gone, one blonde turned to another and laughed

"Isn't that just like a dumb engineer? We're looking for the height and he gives us the length".

Submitted by my blonde niece...really! Editor

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Newsletter Committee

Bill Harris

Garneth M. Harris

Newsletter archives are available online.
Visit for an index of newsletter back issues.
Note: Old newsletters may contain outdated information, web links or email addresses. News archives are not updated when relevant information changes.

Views expressed herein do not necessarily reflect the official positions of the Societies, its officers, or its members. We regret, but are not liable for, any omissions or errors. The Denver SBE and SMPTE Newsletter is published approximately twelve times per year. It is prepared with a combination of text and graphic data. Submission deadline is 10 days before the last day of each month. Other SBE or SMPTE chapters are permitted to use excerpts if attributed to the original authors, sources, and/or the Denver SBE/SMPTE Newsletter.